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Mango


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Description

Mangoes are juicy fruit belongs to the tropical flowering plant genus Mangifera, cultivated mostly for their edible fruit. Mangoes are native to South Asia, from where the Indian Mango, Mangifera Indica, has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most widely cultivated fruits in India. It is the national fruit of India, Pakistan, and the Philippines and Bangladesh. The Majority of world production comes from India, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, and Mexico.

Description:

Mango comes in different shapes and sizes depending on the types of mangoes. The flesh of mangoes is juicy, orange yellow in color with an oval shaped stone that has centrally placed. The Stone is fibrous on the surface and does not separate easily from the pulp. Ripe, unpeeled mangoes give off a distinctive sticky, sweet smell. A high-quality mango fruit should feature very less fiber composition and minimal tartness.

Varieties:

The most popular mango varieties of India are mentioned below:

  • Alphonso Mango
  • Totapuri Mango
  • Kesar Mango
  • Badami Mango
  • Green Mango
  • Rajapuri Mango
  • Banganapalli Mango

Storage:

Unripe mangoes can be kept at room temperature and should not be refrigerated. Mangoes will continue to ripe at room temperature, become sweeter and softer for several days. When ripen mangoes keep in the refrigerator, the ripening process will slow down. Due to this, ripe mangoes may be stored for up to five days in the refrigerator.

Uses:

Mangoes are widely used in several cuisines worldwide. Unripe Mangoes are used in chutneys, pickles, side dishes and several salads. Ripe mango is used to make juices, smoothies, ice cream, fruit bars, Raspados, Aguas Frescas, pies, and sweet chili sauce.

Health Benefits:

There are many Health’s Benefits mentioned below,

  • Prevent Cancer
  • Lowers Cholesterol
  • Improves Eye Health
  • Skin Nourishment
  • Help to fight heat strokes
  • Improves Digestion
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Diabetes
  • Boost Immunity

Nutritional Value of Mango:

Nutritional Value of Mango contains per 100gms is mentioned below:

Energy                            60 kcal

Carbohydrates              15 g

Sugars               13.7

Fiber                 1.6 g

Fat                                   0.38 g

Protein                            0.82 g

Vitamins

Vitamin A equiv.               54 μg            Thiamine (B1)             0.028 mg

Riboflavin (B2)                 0.038 mg     Niacin (B3)                  0.669 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5)      0.197 mg      Vitamin B6                  0.119 mg

Folate (B9)                         43 μg            Choline                         7.6 mg

Vitamin C                           36.4 mg        Vitamin E                    0.9 mg

Vitamin K                           4.2 μg

Minerals

Calcium                             11 mg              Iron                             0.16 mg

Magnesium                      10 mg             Manganese                 0.063 mg

Phosphorus                      14 mg             Potassium                   168 mg

Sodium                              1 mg               Zinc                              0.09 mg

Properties:

Shape: Oval, Heart shaped, Kidney Shaped or Round

Size:  2-9 inch

Color:  Yellow, orange, purple, red or combination of these colors.

Taste:  Sweet

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